Humanity Assassinated: Ethnic Cleansing of Minorities in Bangladesh


By: Sujit Das


“The dead, it is said, do not live to tell the tale, but this is not true in ethnic cleansing. The dead do tell the tale; it is the living who are reluctant to speak”. —  Horowitz, 2001, p. 224

We now know the Holocaust of the Jews, after Hitler and his Nazi Party found out “The Final Solution of the Jewish Question”, which is written in History with human blood. Today change the names of the murderers (and their religious belief) and the name of the country, and we will see that history is repeating itself in Bangladesh. It was Genocide of the Jews in Germany and now it is Genocide of the minorities in Bangladesh. And yes; as Horowitz said, listen carefully to every dead human. Each one of them has a pathetic story to tell you; pay attention and you will hear an unmistakable whisper in their silence, the stories of their suffering and injustice caused to them because of their minority status in a Muslim majority country. Those who are still fortunate enough to live for few more days are in mental wreck so much so that they are all living dead. Today not only the victims but the Humanity itself is crying bitterly for your attention.


Muslim fundamentalists sprayed bullets on Prof. Muhari, a renowned Bangladeshi Hindu educationalist. (Source: Mukto-Mona)

hindu housewives raped in Bangladesh


hindu housewives raped in Bangladesh

Tribal Hindu housewives, gang raped by Islamic fanatics. The insult made them speechless. (Source: Mukto-Mona)

Government of Bangladesh has published many Census documents. In 1941; 28.3 percent of the total population was minorities. Out of this, of Hindu was 11.88 million, while 588 thousand was other religious and ethnic minorities, like Buddhist, Christian and animist. As per 1991 Census; the Muslim majority increased 219.5 percent while the Hindu community increased by 4.5 percent. If usual increase rate prevailed, the number of the Hindu community would have been 32.5 million in 1991, but the actual figure is 12.5 million. It means twenty million Hindu souls are missing. (Samad, 1998). Is the Bangladeshi Government ready to give a satisfactory explanation, how those twenty million souls had vanished in fifty years? Did they vanish into thin air like a Houdini magic?

No. They vanished in the same way; the Jews population had decreased under Hitler’s regime in Germany. Many of these twenty million Hindus were put to permanent sleep in mass graves in various unknown places or mass cremated anonymously and unceremoniously or their dead bodies thrown into the rivers; many of them were forcefully converted to Islam. Many of their women were brutally raped and reduced to prostitution. And yet, many of them were victims of forced exodus to neighboring nation, India, after the Muslim hooligans reduced them to penniless and honored them with a ‘Refugee’ status.

Sadly, most of these atrocities have the approval of Government of Bangladesh. The so-called Muslim intellectuals and ‘secular’ politicians deliberately promoted the view and made the common Bangladeshi Muslims believe that the ethnic minorities are migrants and not “Bhumiputra” (son of the soil). The Home Ministry had instructed the commercial banks to control withdrawal of substantial cash money against account holders of Hindu community and to stop disbursement of business loans to Hindu community in the districts adjoining the India-Bangladesh border (Samad, 1998). It’s an unwritten law in Bangladesh, that the religious minorities cannot be given sensitive positions, like head of state, chief of armed forces, governor of Bangladesh Bank, Ambassador in a Bangladesh Mission, secretary in the ministry of Defence, Home, Foreign Affairs and Finance. Minorities are deliberately discriminated in recruitment in civil and military jobs, business and trade, bank loans and credit (Shaha, 1998, p. 5). The mainstream political parties also cannot accept that their leader could be from among the minority community. It is rare to find a religious minority at the helms of affairs in Bangladesh. Can the Government of Bangladesh deny the fact that the Minorities are “Legally identified enemies” in their homeland where they are living for many generations?

It’s a Shame. Instead of protecting the minorities, the Government of Bangladesh had always tried to hide the entire lot of torture, rape and murder incidents behind a fabric of lies.

pakistan_army

Muslims are circumcised, but Hindus are not. This is how Pakistani armies identified ‘True Muslims’ during the war of 1971. The same trend have been followed in Bangladesh for singling out the ‘legally identified enemies’.

Bangladeshi Government officially encourages forced conversion to Islam by giving incentive. As per B.D. government religious ministry circular number 2/a-7/91-92 dated 28 November 1991, the new Muslims are paid cash doles through budgetary allocations in the name of so-called rehabilitation (Press Release, nd).

For writing this article, the present author had interviewed many Bangladeshi refugees, liberal Muslims, gone through their websites and newspapers and read many books and articles written by them. This article will expose many facts, which the western World is still unaware of.

In the beginning lets see how much freedom Bangladeshi government has given to the minorities. The Constitution of 1972 pronounced secularism as a fundamental principal of state policy. Article 41 guarantees freedom of religion in Bangladesh and Article 12 has provided an interpretation of the principle of secularism that made Bangladesh a multi religious society and maintained separation between state and religion. But this Article was discarded in 1977 and subsequent constitutional changes under military rulers compromised the principle of secularism and gave rise to religion based politics. Under General Ziaur Rahman, the 5th amendment of the constitution was effected. Under this amendment, the principle of “secularism” was replaced by “faith in Almighty Allah” [Article 8 (1)], and amended Article 8 .1(a) states, “absolute trust and faith in the Almighty Allah should be the basis of all actions”. Gen. H. M. Ershed through the 8th Amendment declared Islam as the state religion. The constitution, in fact, makes its beginning with the words Bismillah-ar-rahman-ar-rahim.

Though the Article 27, 28, 29 confirms equal opportunities for all citizens, Article 44 equivocally guarantees the enforcement of fundamental rights and Sections 295, 296, 297 and 298 of the Penal Code give protection from offences against religious places or practices; the reality is far too different.  Minorities are never adequately represented. In the seventh Parliament there were only 11 male and three female members belonging to minority communities. Taken together minority groups occupied only 4.24 percent seats in Parliament though they form 12 percent of the total population. Democracy is a rich man’s game in Bangladesh. Business is the primary or secondary occupation of about 75 percent of the elected representatives (Barman et al, nd).

The political parties despite electoral promises written in election manifestos, failed to stand shoulder to shoulder with the minorities. Not a single political party has ever come forward for a cause of the minorities (Shaha, 1998, p.5). Ain O Shalish Kendra (1999, p.192) reported,

The constitutional amendments have introduced an overt bias towards Muslims in public policy and practice and encouraged discrimination against other religious communities… with the increasing politicization of Islam by the state and political organizations, religious minorities fear that an escalation of religious discrimination may stigmatize them as second class citizens and lead to religious intolerance”.

Bangladesh is on her way to become a ‘Talibanistan’ and the state religion Islam is ruthlessly overcoming all obstacles in its path by killing and displacing the minorities. And nobody is spared – let it be Hindus, Christians, Buddhists and Animists. It includes the eradication of the cultural memory of the group (destroying its Temples, churches, libraries, museums, street names etc.). Islamic extremists have already formed a shadow government in Bangladesh. Roads of Bangladesh are shacked with the slogan “We are Taliban and Bangla Will be Afghan”. It’s long since democracy had died in Bangladesh and the Islamic theocracy had triumphed. In the near future Bangladesh will become the highest threat before world peace and security.

Ethnic cleansing of the Minorities in Bangladesh (then East Pakistan) started in 1946 with the infamous Noakhali carnage (10th October 1946). In the full moon night of Kojagari Lakshi Puja (a Hindu festival), 218 Hindus were slaughtered, over 10,000 Hindu houses were looted, more than 2000 Hindus were forcibly converted to Islam and several thousand Hindu women were raped and hundreds of Hindu temples were destroyed. The sad part is that Mr. Burrows, the then Governor of the state said that it was only natural that Hindu women would be raped by hundreds of Muslims because they are prettier than Muslim women (Roy, 2007, pp. 120, 165).

During the infamous genocide of 1971, which continued for nine months, by the then Muslim East Pakistan Army; three million Bangladeshis were slaughtered, ten million Hindus fled as refugees into India (Kennedy, 1971, pp. 6-7) and two hundred thousand women were raped (Roy, 2007, p. 298). The neighboring Muslims of the Hindu families use to mark a yellow “H” on the Hindu houses to guide the marauding army to their targets like Jewish holocaust (Schanberg, 1994). The bulk of the victims of the holocaust were Hindus about 80% followed by 15% Muslims and 5% Christians (Roy, 2007, p. 312).

Minority oppression has increased tremendously after the last National Election in Bangladesh held in October 2001. Often the Hindus, Christians and Buddhists are beaten up without reason because they are ‘Kafirs’. Political involvement is strongly opposed. Many Hindus being prevented from voting in elections, either through intimidating actual voters, or through exclusion in voter list revisions (Source: The Daily Star. January 4, 2006). Often the Hindus are warned that if they want to vote their women would be brutalized and they would be made to leave Bangladesh. A third method is physically preventing the Hindus from voting. The roadblocks are erected by Muslim League volunteers, mainly in rural areas to prevent Hindus from traveling to nearest town to vote (Roy, 2007, pp. 359, 152). The government does nothing to ensure a free and fair election.

Kidnapping, Rape of married women and children, Forced marriage of minor girls, money extortion as Jizya Tax, Forced conversion and Mass murder are day-to-day happenings. Hindu widows are often forced to kill one of her cow by her own hand, cook the beef and eat it (Roy, 2007. pp. 120, 125).

Many families were forced to migrate out of their “Homeland of generations” for physical safety. The sad part is that no end is in sight. It is because this ‘Hindu Holocaust’ is fully intentional and approved by Government, aiming to wipe out an entire group. The situation is so alarming that while describing the plight of the minorities of Bangladesh, a newspaper published an article with the heading (Source: The Economist. Nov. 29, 2003), “Bangladesh’s religious minorities: Safe only in the departure lounge“. (cited Dutta, 2005). Few prominent incidents from various sources are as follows,

Hindu women (from age 5 to 70) are often subjected to gang rape. About 200 Hindu women were gang raped by Muslims in Char Fashion, Bhola, in one night at a single spot (Source: The Daily Star, Nov.16, 2001)

The Islamic terrorists have levied Jizya taxes on the minority Christians and have told the Christians to give them their wives, sisters and daughters for sex if they failed to pay the tax. (Source: Christian Solidarity Worldwide, Dec. 13, 2001).

The Muslims have even gang-raped mother and daughter together on the same bed with the parents and children forced to watch; and they have raped mothers in front of their children (Source: The Daily Janakantha, Feb. 5, 2002; April 22, 2002).

On February 8, 1989, about 400 Muslims from the neighboring villages waged an attack on the Hindu community of the village of Sobahan, in Daudkandi, Comilla.  The Muslims reminded them that, “the government has declared Islam to be the state religion, and therefore you have to either convert to Islam or leave the country.”  They set ablaze every Hindu household after looting, razed the temples, and then gang-raped women. (Source: ‘Baishammer Shikar Bangladesher Hindu Sampradaya (in Bangla)’ ‘The Hindus of Bangladesh: Victim of Discrimination’, Matiur Rahman & Azizul Huq eds. 1990). (cited Dutta, 2005).

Often the commanding officer of police stations personally conducts violence against minorities. As example, Tofazzal Hossain, Officer In-Charge, “led a procession at the dead of night that ransacked two Ashrams (place of religious retreat for Hindus), a temple of Goddess Kali, and three houses at Gopalpur when seven to eight people were injured in mass beating.”  (Source: The Daily Star, June 3, 2003).

On August 28, 2004 the para-militia forces, together with the local extremists, burned down 400 dwelling houses in Mahalchari, Chittagong Hill Tracts, after looting the villages, gang raping their women and destroying Buddhist temples. These indigenous Buddhist people represented 97% of the population in 1947, by 2001 they accounted for less than 50% (Source: US Department of State’s Country Report on Human Rights Practices, 2004).

The police rarely allow rape victims to press charges against their rapists. Typically, if a rape victim goes to the police and insist on action, they are given the “run around” for a few days so the rape evidence disappears. The police officers themselves will then persecute the victims.  This, of course, is followed by death threats or kidnapping (Source: The Daily Janakantha, Feb. 16, 2002).

Eleven members of same family roasted alive (which includes a child of four day)

in village Southern Shadhanpur on 19 November 2003 (Bando, 2004. p. 13)

Several thousand Hindu temples are already destroyed systematically (352 in 1992 alone). Delwar Hossain Sayedee, the Jamaat leader decreed that all statues except those of Muslim worshipers should be destroyed (Baldwin, 2002). The Sanskrit and Hindu religious University (Saraswata Samaj) in Dhaka was in operation before independence of Bangladesh in 1971, has been closed after the independence. It’s land and assets was confiscated by the government of Bangladesh in a bid to wipe out Hindu educational system; whereas, millions of dollars are spent for the development of Madrassas (Roy, 2008).

Muslims are killing a Hindu in a Mosque. Vimal Patak, a Bangladeshi born Hindu was captured outside the mosque while going home. After Friday prayers were over, the Muslims came out and grabbed the first Hindu they could. Vimal was beaten to death with sticks as the Muslim Mullahs (priests) chanted “kill the Kafir!” (Non-Muslim). With folded hands he begged for his life and died a brutal death. (Source: Faith freedom International)

Kamala Debi lost all her family members due to barbarous attack of communalist hooligans on Oct 10, 2001. No one is alive to look after her in her old age. Once she belonged to a very wealthy business family, but now reduced to begging.  (Source: Mukto-Mona)

Following tabular format is prepared to summarize and to categorize the atrocities and their consequences.

Sr. No Category of Violence Types of Violence Immediate affects Long term affects
1 Political and social discrimination Denial to Job, Prosperity and discouragement in political involvement Loss of social status, Unemployment, No scope for prosperity. Social backwardness, Poverty, disenfranchised from holding political power, Political and social insignificance.
2 Legal oppression Vested Property Act of 1972, Justice and police protection often denied. Loss of property, forceful capture of agricultural lands. Poverty, Mass emigration, Forced exodus, refugee displacement
3 Physical repression Physical Assault, Kidnapping of women and rape. Fear, Loss of self-respect. Mass emigration, Forced exodus, refugee displacement.
4 Mental Torture Islamic Death threat, Rape threat, Arson threat. Fear, Loss of security, Physiological trauma. Mass emigration, Forced exodus.
5 Cultural and Religious suppression Destruction of temples, Forced conversions, Forced marriage Social and religious genocide Loss of inherited identity, Loss of Religious Freedom, Frustration
6 Financial oppression Money extortion as Jizya Tax, Kidnapping children for ransom, Arson. Fear, Loss of security, Loss of property. Poverty, Mass emigration, Forced exodus, refugee displacement.
7 Organized Mass Torture Sadism, Islam approved torture. Rape Religious slaughter, Brutal suffering, Loss of population,

Mass emigration, Forced exodus. refugee displacement

8 Predetermined Mass Killing Infamous genocide of 1971, Noakhali massacre in 1946; Islam approved Mass Murders, Mass death, Number of orphans increases. Community cannot reconstitute itself as a viable community and get destabilized, Poverty, Mass emigration of the living, refugee displacement
9 Suppression of facts Honest journalists, educationalists and prominent people are killed, Human rights investigators are detained. Brutalization unreported. Media silenced, censored and / or purchased by ruling party.

World blissfully ignorant and Ethnic cleansing continues unabated.

The Bangladesh government can seize the land of these ‘legally identified enemies’ at any time lawfully and force them to emigrate. In Bangladesh, it is legal to capture the land of a Hindu and to give it to Muslims. It is Vested Property Act (VPA), which is same as Enemy Property Act (EPA) in Pakistan. In 1965, when Indo-Pakistani War ended in a shameful defeat for Pakistan; in an undisguised act of revenge, Pakistan passed the Enemy Property Act (EPA), which was aimed deliberately at its Hindu population. This act empowered the government to declare their land and possessions as enemy property and to seize it. After independence, the new nation Bangladesh re-wrote the Enemy Property Act (EPA) as the Vested Property Act (VPA) with explicit language stating that only the law’s title had changed, not its content. This had caused much horror to the Hindus and other religious minorities who were now ‘outsiders’ in their own nation. At that time, almost one in five Bangladeshis was a Hindu; today the number is less than one in ten. The Vested Property Act and fear of communal violence are the two main reasons behind the migration of Hindus to India (Ain O Salish Kendra, 1999, p. 192)

How inhuman the Vested Property Act (VPA) is and how insulting would be such a law to the human community?

The present author humbly requests the readers to just imagine for a moment that USA or Canadian law empowered the government to seize the land and property of non-Christians and give it to Christians or Indian Government or Israeli Government is empowered to seize the lands of Muslims and give it to the Hindus or to the Jews. We can imagine how much international hue and cry that justifiably would be heard from every human right NGO and government entity. Every right-minded citizen will protest such a Law.

Fortunately, no such inhuman law exists in civilized world and we do not have to face the protests of those advocacy groups. But distressfully, both Pakistan and Bangladesh have such a barbaric law on the books for several decades. The only difference between their law and the hypothetical one above is that they are Muslim majority countries and the laws address property of non-Muslims.

Their seized lands under VPA have benefited every major political party in Bangladesh. Between 2001 and 2006, 45 percent of the spoils went to the right-center BNP, 31 percent to the left-center Awami League (the figures were reversed when the Awami League was in power), 15 percent to Islamist parties, and the rest to Jatiya and others (Benkin, nd). Till 1998, more than 2 million acres of land have been taken over from Hindu land owners under VPA (Barkat & Jaman, 1998). As per another newspaper report, the Adivashi (aboriginal) community already had lost about 80 % of their land by the local hooligans protected by strong political coverage because of their poverty and ignorance about their rights. They have hardly any knowledge about the legal provisions and documents related to land property. Therefore they easily fall prey to opportunists (Bhoumic & Dhar, 1999). The survival of the Garo tribes of Mymensingh is already threatened, because government had taken their natural forest for rubber plantation. As per another report (Barkat & Shafiquzzaman, 1996, p.7), from 1964 onwards each day on an average basis 538 Hindus have ‘vanished’ because of this act. The same report calculated that the vanishing rate has not been uniform over periods; in 1964-71 it averaged 703 per day, between 1971 and 1981 it was 537, and in 1981-91 the figure stood at 439 (Trivedi, 2007). Another report estimates that more than 500 Hindus crossing over the border every day (Chowdhury, 1998, p. 214). Professor Abul Barkat of Dhaka University undertook the most authoritative study of the VPA and concluded that by 1997, 40 percent of Hindu families in Bangladesh had been affected by it and more than half of all Hindu-owned land already had been confiscated under the act (Benkin, 2008).

Another common method of land grabbing is this. Bangladeshi Muslims are mostly landless agricultural laborers whereas many Hindus are rich farmers owning a large area of agricultural land which is tilled by Muslim peasants. At the time when the Hindus are suffering from extreme insecurity, some Muslims would appear as their protectors in exchange of land, to be sold to them for a pittance. After some time they would disappear and their place will be taken by another bunch of similar protectors who would ask for some more land. This way, eventually the Hindu will loose all his land and leave the country as a refugee. The idea is to take over as much of his land with proper documentation for as little money as possible (Roy, 2007, p. 165).

Though during 2001, the Supreme Court of Bangladesh had directed the government to return the land to the real owner, but not a single Hindu actually got their land back. There are two reasons behind this.

Firstly, the Ruling Party has no intention to abolish such a law. The VPA is still in force and actively being used at the time of writing this article. In 2001, at the conclusion of its term in office, the Awami League passed the Vested Property Return Act. Everyone considers this an empty gesture that the AL knew never would be implemented. They had five years to do something, but did not act. It was a cynical action, and in fact the Awami League received as much spoils from the VPA as did its rival, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. Therefore, no land has been returned. (Benkin, 2009).

Secondly, corruption has touched almost every level of legal system and there is widespread abuse of Court process. Such malpractices contrary to judicial independence are undermining public confidence in the Administration of Justice. The clerks and peons often under bribe misplace records, remove documents and sometimes even destroy records. Even the Judges in Bangladesh as a normal (mal) practice receive bribe or other undue advantages (Talukder, 1994, p. 101). Police is also identified as the most corrupt category. In fact, the Transparency International (Berlin)’s corruption perception Index published in 2001 and 2002, each for the previous years, identified Bangladesh as the most corrupt country in the world. In this scenario, it is not difficult to imagine, not many Hindus will be benefited by the Law in spite of Court decision.

How silly, a Bangladeshi official even justified the VPA as a form of “protection” for the Hindu minority! Again how silly it is when, Kazi Azizul Huq of the Khalefat Andolin Bangladesh said that many of the Hindus have left “voluntarily” even abandoning or selling their lands (Benkin, nd). Did the World forget that countless German Jews “voluntarily” transferred their properties in the 1930s?

What a terrible irony; in 1971, the new Bangladesh was very much obliged to India without which it never could have achieved its independence.

International human rights organizations are yet to acknowledge the full extent of the ethnic cleansing because the facts often go unreported. Often Human Rights Investigators are detained. Media is often censored and / or purchased. Honest journalists are often murdered. Hence the World is blissfully ignorant and the world’s inaction tells the perpetrators that they can continue doing it with impunity. But in spite of this, Amnesty International has procured significant factual data and the State Department-supported United States Commission on International Religious Freedom has gathered limited documentation. Foreign diplomats in Bangladesh have set up a Fact-Finding Commission to investigate such atrocities and repression.

Very recently, Bangladeshi newspapers have started featuring on Minority Oppression. To suppress the facts of minority oppression, the Islamic fundamentalists had killed many Journalists and prominent members of Minority community as well as liberal Muslims and put many others in jail.

Bertil Lintner, a Hong-Kong based senior journalist for the Far Eastern Economic Review and a contributing writer for The Wall Street Journal, with much frustration described how authorities initially declined to give him a visa to go to Bangladesh after his first reports created a furor. He also received threats over email that said he would suffer the same fate as journalist Daniel Pearl [who was killed in Karachi] if he ventured to go to Bangladesh again. Linter lamented, rising Islamic fundamentalism and religious intolerance are posing trouble for the regions and beyond (Guha Mozumder, 2003).

William Sloan, president of the Canadian branch of the American Association of Jurors, visited Bangladesh and described his horror on seeing Hindu victims of torture. One man’s fingers had been cut off, another’s hand was amputated, still more were blinded and others had iron rods nailed through their legs or abdomen. He also recalled the desperate stories of women and children who had been gang-raped, often in front of their fathers or husbands (Baldwin, 2002)

Taslima Nasrin, appalled by what she witnessed, described the horrifying experience of one Hindu family in her novel Shame, published in 1993. She was placed under fatwa by Muslim leaders and, fearing for her life, fled to Europe, where she still lives.

Abdul Ghaffar Chowdhury, a columnist and liberal activist from London lamented “After seeing what is happening to the minorities, I am ashamed to say I am a Muslim,” (Guha Mozumder, 2003)

It is shocking that the Hindus at India who share the same ancestral root, culture and religion are completely apathetic to their co-religionists in Bangladesh. It is an utter disgrace and a real shame to Indians (particularly those old, fossilized and spineless Indian politicians) that they are silently watching and observing the Hindu genocide in the Islamic Bangladesh. If Indians turn their back to their co-religionist brothers and do not take the Hindu genocide seriously, than what can be expected from International community? It’s not time for Indians to maintain a hands-off-policy. How we can ignore the continuous influx of Hindu refugees on Indian soil? The basic cause is that the spineless Indian politicians typically lack the courage to ignore Muslim vote-bank politics in India and publicly address this problem.

The Hindu refugees should be given strong legal protection in India. This will assure them their human rights, education for their children, freedom of movement, and better employment opportunities. Many of them are well educated and have potential for creative contribution to the society. Often they were wealthy people in Bangladesh but now reduced to wandering day labor or rickshaw – pullers; or in worst situation digging through garbage dumps for food with their skins sticking like paper to their skeletons and the bones protruding out. They fit every classic definition of a refugee community. The Muslim nation Bangladesh gave them nothing except pain and suffering but they have something to expect from the civilized nation, India, the second largest democracy in this world. The great nation India, throughout her recorded history, never refused protection to anyone who expected, then why this apathy? If given chances, they will prosper.

Like a cruel joke of Allah, many Muslims had also taken shelter at India in guise of Hindu refugees for better living standard and for promoting Islamic terrorism in India. They need to be positively identified and pushed back to hellish Bangladesh.

Indian Government should also put pressure to repeal the racist Vested Property Act. This Callous policy offends every principle on which human dignity is established. If it is not done, it means ethnic cleansing in Bangladesh is legal. Also, the refugees need to get suitable compensation for their loss of property under this act. Until Indian government takes any action, the western world is not going to anything. The time for empty speeches, lame excuses and official meetings that lead nowhere, is over. We must get Bangladesh not only to act but to act fast. We need to focus on the results rather than efforts. To achieve this, the Indian politicians must put aside their individual egos and recognize that our goal and the welfare of the Bangladeshi Hindus are far more important than any of us as individuals. If we can accomplish something for the people, it is not al all important who gets the credit for it or the praise. But regretfully, too many of Indian politicians still put themselves or their organizations above a noble cause which is of course a betrayal to the cause itself. The Indian politicians must organize an umbrella organization that coordinates action to stop ethnic cleansing and prevent genocide. No person or group needs to give up their independence, but if we are to succeed in helping these people, we will do so if organized and united. Bangladeshi Muslims are certainly united but Indian Hindus are not. It is not just Hindus but also Sikhs, Christians and others in India who, if they believe in equality, should insist in public that India’s neighbors show respect for the human rights of minorities.

Incidentally, the chief Imam of National Mosque of Bangladesh once proclaimed in presence of Cabinet ministers and thousands of people: “The Americans will be washed away if Bangladesh’s 120 million [sic] Muslims spit on them.” (Baldwin, 2002) Though the present author refrains himself from making such a silly comment, but is not it more realistic, if such a remark is passed by one of the one billion strong Indian non-Muslims to the Bangladeshi Muslims?

Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, the civilized world should demand an end to this massacre. Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and others often have urged the stationing of international monitors in various parts of the world; but they have been silent on this matter. The United Nations, NATO, and other international organizations likewise can be found in all sorts of international trouble spots and former trouble spots. But they, too, have been silent on this issue.

Through this article, the present author appeals to all right thinking common citizens of every country, the honest and upright Journalists, prominent Political leaders, global opinion makers, human rights groups, and people seated in positions of authority, European Union and the United Nations to pay their kind attention to the sufferings of the minorities of Bangladesh at the earliest. The oppressors should be brought before the International Court of Justice at The Hague for the alleged ethnic cleansing and the killings of thousands of people from the minority communities in Bangladesh. They cannot go unpunished for what they are doing to the minorities. Help the message to go out, to reach every corner of this world. Let the bitter cry of Humanity itself be echoed everywhere and be heard by anyone and everyone in this world who calls himself a Human.

The History of Mankind had recorded many ethnic cleansing. Open the 1400 years of recorded history of Islam and blood dips from every page of it. Whatever is happening in Muslim Bangladesh is not new at all. But sadly, the civilized world has been consistently ineffective when it in combating that in a timely manner. Generally nothing is done until the dead bodies are piled too high to obscure the view of the horizon in every direction or the earth changes its color to red within any visible distance. If left unchecked, the Bangladeshi Muslims will very soon add another glorious chapter to the Islamic history, some more pages soaked with Hindu blood. This time, let us stop the genocide before it occurs.

References

Books, Journals and Newspapers

  1. Ain O Shalish Kendra (1999); Human Rights in Bangladesh 1998 Report, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  2. Bando, Ramen (2004): Ethnic Cleansing in Bangladesh. Campaign against atrocities on minorities in Bangladesh. Sahitya Porishad. London.
  3. Barkat A, Zaman S (1998); Vested Property Act: Political and Economic Consequences, A paper presented at a seminar on “Political Economy and Legal Aspects of the Vested Property Act” on 15 March 1998, Grameen Research Trust, Dhaka.
  4. Barkat, Abul & Shafiquzzaman (1996); Bangladesher Grameen Samaje Arpito Sampattite Ainer Probhab: Ekti Anusandhan (In Bengali language). A report submitted to the National Seminar of Association for Land Reform and Development, 13 April 1996.
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  6. Chowdhury, Afsan (1998); Disasters: Issues and Responses, in Bangladesh Environment: Facing the 21st Century. Society for Environment and Human Development. Dhaka.
  7. (Dr.) Benkin, Richard L (2009); Private e-mail exchange with the present author.
  8. Dutta, Nabendu (Director, Bangladesh Hindu, Buddhist, Christian Unity Council, U.S.A.) (2005); The 11th Session Of The Working Groups On Minorities. The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. U. N., Geneva, May 30 – June 3, 2005
  9. Horowitz, Donald (2001): The Deadly Ethnic Riot. University of California Press, Los Angeles.
  10. Kennedy, Edward (1971); Crisis in South Asia, A report by Senator Edward Kennedy to the Subcommittee investigating the Problem of Refugees and Their Settlement, Submitted to U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, November 1, 1971, U.S. Govt. Press.
  11. Prof. / Dr.) Shaha, S.S (1998): Manabodhikar O’ Bangladeshíer Sangkhalogudíer Shamasya (Original in Bangla). Published in Dainik Ittefaq on 22 July 1998, Dhaka.
  12. Roy, Tathagata (2007); A Suppressed Chapter in History. The Exodus of Hindus from East Pakistan and Bangladesh 1947-2006. Bookwell Publishers. New Delhi.
  13. Schanberg, Sydney (1994); The Pakistani Slaughter That Nixon Ignored. New York Times, May 3, 1994
  14. Talukder, S. M Hasan (1994); Independence of Judiciary in Bangladesh: Law and Practice, Book Syndicate, Dhaka.
  15. Trivedi, Rabindranath (2007); The legacy of enemy turned vested property act in Bangladesh. Published on Asian Tribune on 29 May 2007

Internet

  1. Baldwin, Ruth (2002): The ‘Talibanization’ of Bangladesh. Published in The Nation Magazine on 17 May/ 2002. URL: http://www.thenation.com/doc.mhtml?i=special&s=baldwin20020517 (Last accessed 28 June 2009)
  2. Barman, Dalem Ch; Rahman, Golam; Siddiqui, Tsneem (nd); Democracy report for Bangladesh. URL: www.idea.int/publications/sod/upload/Bangladesh.pdf (Last accessed 27 June 2009).
  3. (Dr.) Benkin, Richard L (2008); Repeal Bangladesh’s Racist Vested Property Act, International Analyst Network, an outline portal for analysis in the areas of Counter-Terrorism, the Middle-East, Geopolitics and Energy Security. Published on 1st August / 2008. URL: http://www.analyst-network.com/article.php?art_id=2322 (Last accessed 03 May 2009)
  4. (Dr.) Benkin, Richard L (nd); Part One: The Roots of Ethnic Cleansing in A Quiet Case of Ethnic Cleansing in Bangladesh. URL: http://www.interfaithstrength.com/Roots.htm (Last accessed 03 May 2009)
  5. (Dr.) Benkin, Richard L (nd); Part Two: Islamist Attacks and Government Collusion in A Quiet Case of Ethnic Cleansing in Bangladesh URL: http://www.interfaithstrength.com/Collusion.htm (Last accessed 03 May 2009)
  6. Guha Mozumder, Suman (2003); Bangladesh ruling party accused of ethnic cleaning. URL:  http://www.rediff.com/us/2003/feb/19bang.htm (Last accessed  04 July 2009)
  7. Press Release (nd): European Union Blasted for Ignoring Hindu Abuse in Bangladesh. URL: http://www.hvk.org/articles/0703/50.html (Last accessed 27 June 2009)
  8. Roy, Amarendra (2008); Minorities and the Right to Education. A report submitted at The Forum on Minority Issues, 2008 (15 – 18 December 2008). Conference in the United Nations
CH-1201 Geneva, Switzerland. URL: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrcouncil/minority/docs/statements/NGOs%20&%20others/Roy_Amarendra-Human_Rights_Congress_for_BangladeshMinorities-itemV.doc (Last accessed 27 June 2009)
  9. Samad, Saleem (1998): State of Minorities in Bangladesh : From Secular to Islamic Hegemony Mukto-mona. URL: http://www.mukto-mona.com/Articles/saleem/secular_to_islamic.htm (Last accessed 04 July 2009)

The author can be contacted at   counter.jihad (at) yahoo.co.uk

Watch the video documentary on Islamic militancy, extra judicial killings and Minority torture

Forwarded by Jahangir Alam Akash

Dear readers, Greetings from the Human Rights Today. When I worked as a TV reporter in Bangladesh, I made several investigative report and many report aired in first 24 hours news channel in Bangladesh CSB News. Though, later army backed caretakeer government was closed the TV by an administrative order. These are Investigative report on extra judicial killings, Islamic militancy & Minority torture in Bangladesh. These reports were made by Journalist writer and human rights activist Jahangir Alam Akash. For this reason, journalist Akash was implicated political motivated false multiple cases and illegally arrested, brutal tortured and detained. Recently I was uploaded some video documentary regarding extra judicial killings, Islamic militancy and Minority torture. Here I want to mention that, I was implicated false fabricated charges and political motivated several cases and also illegally arrested, brutal tortured and detained by Bangladesh Army (RAB).
Video documentary links of Youtube:











I request all of you, please after watching give send me your opinion.
E-mail: jahangiralamakash@gmail.com
Website: http://www.humanrightstoday.info
With thanks.
As a Bangali we always want better for Bangladesh.

Jehadi rickshaw art of Bangladesh

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Photographs by Shaon
Opinion
Rickshaw Revelations
Ricksha art? As political indicator in Bangladesh? Yes. Ricksha pictures tend to be ignored by the gentry as vulgar and not art, but the gentry ignore them at their peril.
As the well-known journalist Bertil Lintner wrote, “According to a foreign diplomat in Dhaka, ‘In the 1960s and 1970s, it was the leftists who were seen as incorruptible purists. Today, the role model for many young men in rural areas is the dedicated Islamic cleric with his skull cap, flowing robes and beard.’”Life has become grim for rural leftists today. In the past few months, leftists are being hunted down by a notorious Islamist gang leader in west and northwest Bangladesh, a religious fanatic called Bangla Bhai. The leftists being hunted are villagers belonging to various factions, the most well-known of which is the Purba Banglar Communist Party (PBCP), or Sarbahara group.

As recently reported in Frontline magazine (June 19-July 02, 2004, article by Haroon Habib writing from Dhaka), mostly Bangla language newspapers report that Bangla Bhai’s men levy protection tolls on villagers, order them to wear tupi (cap), go to mosque regularly, and force women to wear burqa or hijab. Those who defy in any way are subjected to physical abuse and/or their property is wasted.

Bangla Bhai’s cadres identify “anti-social elements” as they define it and mete out vigilante justice. They usually kill their victims in gruesome ways and often mutilate their bodies. In the last week of May, one of the three supposedly Left extremists caught by Bangla Bhai’s operatives was beaten to death and hanged upside down from a roadside tree in Bogra.

The main Dhaka newspapers deny such goings on, and the government of Khaleda Zia pretends that the police have been notified to capture him. However, in four northwestern districts—Rajshahi, Naogaon, Natore and Bogra—police are collaborating with this gang and justify what they do by saying they are undermanned and cannot control all the criminal elements. Not only does the government turn a blind eye, P.M. Begam Zia also appointed a Jama’ati as the Agriculture Minister, thus ensuring Islamist influence and a free rein for Bangla Bhai and other Islamist forces in the rural areas.

Bangla Bhai has an MA from Rajshahi University, and he’s not stupid. He launched his organisation Jagrota Muslim Janata Bangladesh (JMJB) on April 1, 2004, and claims that the group by now commands three lakh activists across the country. “Our goal is to root out Sarbahara men and corruption from society, seize illegal weapons and establish the ideal of the Rasul (Prophet Hazrat Mohammed (SA),” he recently told Hasibur Rahman Bilu, Borga correspondent of The Daily Star. Thus, secularists growing increasing anguished at what has happened to their Sonar Bangladesh, now see this gang operator as the instigator of Talebanisation in the entire country.

It is well known by now that until Bangla Bhai appeared, eastern Bangladesh—areas around Sylhet, Comilla, Chittagong and Teknaf—in particular had become the main hotbed of jihadism, terrorist training camps (see the various articles by Bertil Lintner), and anti-secularism. Much has been written on these developments, but so far none of the published material has ever provided grass-roots evidence of where public opinion, the views of the chhoto lok, stand. Yet these are the very people the jihadis and worse are so successful in organizing.

Thus, it behooves analysts to take a look at the rickshas, an important source of visual revelations on public opinion. Ricksha pictures tend to be ignored by the gentry as vulgar and not art, but my years of research on ricksha art have shown me all too clearly what the common man in the streets has on his mind. The gentry ignore him at their peril.

To illustrate my point, here are some photos, shot by a young Bangladeshi, Shaon, a few months ago in the town of Comilla.One picture shows Saddam. The last time Saddam Husain appeared in ricksha art, that I know about, was on Dhaka rickshas around the first Gulf War. I unfortunately was not able to visit Comilla at that time to see what they were painting on their rickshas, but I would not be surprised if Saddam was depicted.

In one photo we see both Bin Laden and Saddam, “together at last” (I say that sardonically, as the Bush policy in the US is that he and Saddam were connected, whereas all expert analysis says otherwise). Bin Laden is the main hero, and one of the paintings of him bears a call to self immolation in jihad.


Joanna Kirkpatrick, PhD is an anthropologist and researcher and author of multimedia CD-ROM: Transports of Delight. The Ricksha Arts of Bangladesh. Indiana University Press, 2003.

Former DGFI No. 2 seeking asylum in the USA

Crossposted from Shadakalo Blog: http://shadakalo.blogspot.com/2009/06/former-dgfi-no-2-seeking-asylum-in-usa.html

Jun 9, 2009

Update 1: The Daily Star is reporting that Brig. Bari is denying applying for asylum.

“I did not apply for any political asylum as it needs huge money and it is also difficult,” Bari said in reply to a question.

Former deputy director general of DGFI and more recently the defense attache at the Bangladesh Embassy in Washington DC, Brig Gen Chowdhury Fazlul Bari, has been in the news lately for his refusal to return to Bangladesh.

Brig. Bari was involved in the arrest and torture of a number of politicians, academics and journalists during the last interim government. With the recent arrest of two retired major generals, it is clear that the indemnity Army officers enjoyed in Bangladesh is cracking, and it is time to pay the piper.

Brig. Bari has served in the Washington embassy for just under a year, and he was recalled to Bangladesh in April. But he used various excuses to delay the return until now, although he left his job in May. It is important to note that he has not been charged with any crime.

BDNews24 is reporting that he has asked for political asylum in the United States. A straight reading of the law puts Brig. Bari’s chances of success at slim to zero, because he has to prove that his life will be in danger, or that he may be tortured, if he is forced to return to Bangladesh. This will be one of the ultimate ironies of Bangladesh politics if he cites examples of torture based on his own intimate knowledge of the subject.

This is probably the biggest obstacle he faces:

An asylum seeker will be barred from a grant of asylum pursuant to INA § 208(b)(2) if it is determined that he or she:

  • Ordered, incited, assisted, or otherwise participated in the persecution of any person on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion;

But the immigration judge who will rule on this application has no incentive to seek out information. It is the job of the attorney working for US Immigration to show why the asylum should not be granted. It is unlikely he or she will have access to list of Mr. Bari’s misdeeds unless the government of Bangladesh informs US Immigration. The Bangladesh Foreign Ministry should immediately send a letter, via the US State Department, to the US Department of Homeland Security, under which US Immigration operates, enumerating why Mr. Bari should not be granted asylum, and why he should be handed over to Bangladesh.

And Brig. Bari: You tortured Tasneem Khalil and untold others. You threatened Prof. Anwar Hossain that even light could not escape the hole you threw him into. Surely your buddies in the Army will treat you better.

Go back and face the music. Show the country you can be a man without the uniform protecting you.

Breaking the silence: ensuring justice for women

Photo: Pro-democracy political activist secually harassed by male police officers on the streets of Dhaka, Bangladesh
WILLIAM GOMES

VARIOUS ORGANIZATIONS and individuals have been fighting for decades to ensure justice for women and children in Bangladesh. While progress has been nominal, violence continues to be notable.

Innocent souls are crying for justice. From January to March 2009, 73 women and children were the victims of rape or attempted rape; among those, 29 were gang raped and 13 were between ages 7 and 12. In May alone, 33 women and girls were the victims of rape. Among those, 16 were women and 17 were children under the age of 16. Out of the 16 women, five were victims of gang rape and three were killed after being raped. Out of the 17 girls, five were victims of gang rape and two were killed after being raped.

Between January and March 2009, six serious acts of violence against women were instigated by fatwas. When I discussed this issue with the law minister, he denied the necessity of introducing a specific law to ban fatwas. I repeatedly insisted on the necessity of a specific law to fight fatwa, as well as a law to identify the paternity of a child in cases where it is disputed.

Dowry is another social disease in Bangladesh. From January to March 2009, 44 women faced dowry-related violence; among these women, 23 died.

Bangladesh has the highest maternal mortality rate in the world: 440 per 100,000 live births, according to UNICEF, and more than 20,000 women in Bangladesh die annually from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth.

In Bangladesh, women do their best to fulfill their duties and take care of all their men’s needs; yet, from January to March 2009 alone, 45 women were abused by their husbands or their husbands’ relatives. Very recently, a woman, Parul Akter, who was seven months pregnant, was killed and her body thrown in a river; her two other children are still missing. This is the reality that many women in Bangladesh face.

We can name thousands of ways that women and children are facing oppression and repression in Bangladesh. Confucius said, “We should feel sorrow, but not sink under its oppression.” I do agree with that. For almost two decades, Bangladesh’s prime ministers have been women. The number of people who oppose and oppress woman and children are larger than the number of people who are oppressed or suppressed.

Women’s empowerment alone will not solve the problem; we need to treat women as human beings first, rather than simply as women. We need to break the silence and stand up against religious and cultural traditions that encourage the repression of women and children. I dream of a day when a woman will be treated as a human being first, when women will really be empowered and lead the nation toward a more humane way, as they are the source of the human race.

The whole system in Bangladesh is male-dominated, inspired by common prophet religions that have a culture of suppressing woman historically. We need to deal with these oppressors first. Many aw and wonderful steps had taken to bring an end to the suppression to woman and children but hopefully none of them succeed.

Sometimes, a police officer who oppresses his wife in the home is used to investigate a case of oppression against a woman. In this case, the police officer should be brought to trial before anything else. Bangladesh even has cases where, after being raped, the woman gets raped again in the police station by police officers.

More than anything, the religion of Islam encourages the majority of people in Bangladesh in the historical cultural traditions of oppressing women. Laws can change, while religion inspires adherents through heaven and hell; in this light, how will jail or capital punishment be able to make any significant change?

The Prophet Mohammed said, “I was standing at the edge of the fire (hell) and the majority of the people going in were women.” When the Quran and the Prophet Mohammed guide the majority of people in Bangladesh, and the Quran (4:34) orders a man to beat his wife if she doesn’t obey him, how will the law prevent the beating of women? Laws and conventions contradict the holy sayings of the Prophet and Allah and will surely fail to ensure the rights of women.

I silently cry for justice for women like Parul, Rahima, Rebeka, Shima, who was raped in front of her father, and Mili Rani, a minority girl who was raped and later committed suicide. All this happened inside of the society before you and me.

We need to break the silence and step up a revival for humanity and justice. #

William Gomes is an independent human rights activist, freelance journalist and a political analyst. He can be reached at cda.exe@gmail.com

Should Pakistan extend its hands?

RIPAN KUMAR BISWAS

ALTHOUGH JOHN Demjanjuk was 89 years old and was not able to take flight due to his deteriorating physical and mental health, but was deported from US to Germany in last May. Demjanjuk, who is a native Ukranian and is a naturalized US citizen, is a Nazi war crimes suspect who is charged with being an accessory to the murder of about 29,000 civilians at the Sobibor death camp in Nazi-occupied Poland in World War II.

Because there is no statute of limitations for crimes against humanity, each and everyone who committed genocide must be held accountable for his/her inhumane actions.

The term “war crimes” evokes a litany of horrific images. The world has suffered much genocide in human history, but the worst genocide in the annals of history in 1971 was not simply possible by the state-sponsored Pakistani army against Bangladesh. People suffered such attempted extermination with the help of local allies. What weren’t happened with general Bangladeshis- murder, ill-treatment, torture, mutilation, corporal punishment, rape, enforced prostitution, indecent assault, summary executions, hostage taking, collective punishment, or pillage?

This is not quite the Bangladesh where lives were sacrificed; blood was shed for in 1971. So is it possible for any Bangladeshi to forget the barbaric killings of 1971 and to let bygones be bygones with regard to that atrocities committed by the Pakistani army and their local allies?

While government of Bangladesh has pressed on with the planned war crimes trial with the support of UN, EU, US, and even asked cooperation from Pakistan, a senior Pakistani government spokesperson replied and warned that such attempt would hamper ties and cast a shadow on the two country’s relations. “The atrocities during 1971 were a sad chapter and we should not remain frozen in time but should look forward,” Masood Khalid, the additional secretary for Asia Pacific of Pakistani foreign ministry, said to a visiting Bangladeshi media group in Islamabad, Pakistan on Sunday, June 07, 2009.

However, on Wednesday, June 10, 2009, the Pakistani High Commission in Dhaka replied in a statement saying Masood Khalid’s remarks have evidently been misconstrued and quoted out of context. Earlier on May 14, 2009, Pakistan replied negatively and rejected Bangladesh foreign minister’s demand for apology over alleged 1971 atrocities. According to Dawn, an English daily newspaper in Pakistan, foreign office spokesman Abdul Basit said that under the 1974 agreement Pakistan had regretted the incidents that took place in 1971 and in 2002 the then President Musharraf had also expressed regrets for the 1971 incidents during his visit to Bangladesh. “Let bygones be bygones,” he concluded.

Forgiveness is not in the gift of those who have not themselves been the victims of those who committed atrocious crimes. We could not do anything else than to forgive such a person. But if people believe that their actions were justified, they have to vindicate themselves.

People too are tempted to want to forgive and forget. But when a person or a group is involved against national, racial or religious groups to destroy their political and social institutions, culture, language, national feelings, religion, economic existence, and the destruction of the personal security, liberty, health, dignity, and even the lives of the individuals belonging to such groups, there is no forgiveness for them as they commit moral atrocities.

Forgiving or forgetting does not mean ignoring injustice. Letting go of grudges is one thing, and it takes an immense amount of moral muscle to do so, but the most controversial aspect of the entire subject of forgiveness, concerns confronting not ignoring the great evils perpetrated by people. And in case of war criminals, whoever is merciful to the cruel is indifferent to the innocent. People never forgive, in this view, because forgiving or forgetting is a sign there is a moral escape valve, that to forgive acts of brutality is in effect to endorse and perpetuate rather than combat their evil deeds. The blood of the innocent cries out forever.

So much is certain, that no civilized society, any more than a society at peace, can allow unpunished criminal activities and certainly not war crimes.

War criminals should be hunted down, tried and convicted, no matter how long it may take. By doing so, a message will be sent out to any potential war-criminal that the world community will hunt them down and prosecute them and should expect no mercy. War criminals should be prosecuted regardless of the amount of time that has elapsed. As a way of deterring criminals from their crimes, everyone should know that no matter how long it takes, or how far they go from their original crimes, they will be found and punished. This is important because among other things, such prosecutions allow society as a whole to re-examine the shared values that gave rise to such crimes.

Bangladesh can’t be lenient towards war criminals as the crimes like genocides and the movements against humanity that can make Bangladesh to be an orthodox Islamic republic, negating the concept of secular Bengali nationhood, which was the basis of the liberation war. To further consolidate their grip on the country, the defeated forces of the 1971 liberation war are now carrying out their misleading fundamentalist ideologies across Bangladesh. They don’t believe in democracy, rather they use it as a way of surviving, and propagating their views.

Showing respect of millions of peoples’ expectation that influenced the Bangladeshi voters to vote massively in favor of them in December ’08 elections, the present government reasonably asked Pakistan not to make any adverse comment on the trial of those accused of war crimes in the 1971 war since it is an internal matter of Bangladesh and is also beyond diplomatic norms.

However, people in Bangladesh, who are speaking for a war crimes tribunal, their intentions are not to seek revenge and undeserved retribution, rather, they are advocating for the establishment of a realistic and credible examples that will deter future criminal liberators from feeding death and destruction to any human mankind. Because they believe bringing war criminals to justice can have a positive effect in unifying a nation, legitimizing its government, and keeping it on the right path.

Though German government never took responsibility for World War II, but it helped track down war criminals for the Nuremberg Trials and opened its wartime archives to researchers and investigators. Japanese government felt sorry and said that it had no objection to the international tribunal’s verdict in 1948 which found the Japanese military responsible for forcing Chinese women to provide sex to Japanese servicemen during World War II.

Pakistan has moral responsibility to try their war criminals as international laws on crime against humanity are also obligatory for them and can extend their hands to Bangladesh. #

Bangladesh Genocide was presented in Global Understanding Convention

source: http://mukto-mona.com/wordpress/?p=244

Monmouth University of New Jersey hosted Global Understanding Convention at its campus on April 6th to understand the roots of all previous genocides. Dr. Nuran Nabi, a freedom Fighter of Bangladesh liberation war and currently a councilman of Plainsboro Township of New Jersey, was invited to speak on Bangladesh genocide during 1971. Dr. Skenderi of Pristhina University of Kosovo spoke on the genocide in former Yugoslavia during the 1990s. Dr. Adekunie spoke on the genocide in Rwanda in 1994 and the ongoing genocide in Darfur.

Dr. Nuran Nabi

Dr. Nuran Nabi

Dr. Pearson, the Vice President and Provost of the Monmouth University opened the convention and Dean Dr. Green chaired the opening session. Professor Dr. Golam Mathbar, Dr. Dooley, Dr. Denney examined the degree to which religion, language and ethnicity have mattered in contemporary genocides. Scholars from national and international institutions as well as students of Monmouth University attended the convention.

Dr. Nabi presented a detailed description of the magnitude of Bangladesh Genocide and war crimes. He specially emphasized the point that Bangladesh war criminals were not put under trial for their war crimes. Though current Bangladesh government has taken initiative to put local war criminals under trial, however, war criminals who are in Pakistan and other countries are still beyond the reach of Bangladesh authority. Therefore, Dr. Nabi urged the international community to join in the campaign to bring those war criminals underal trial for their crimes against humanity. Dr. Nabi mentioned that Bangladesh genocide is a forgotten, least researched and least documented genocide. He proposed to start a course on Bangladesh genocide in Monmouth University. University authority responded to the proposal with a sympathetic consideration.

It is to be mentioned that Dr. Nabi earlier presented Bangladesh genocide in a seminar in Rutgers University in last November and in Kean University in 2007.

Comments by Ashok DEB:

Dr. Nuran Nabi has also authored a book on the Libaration war of Bangladesh and the atrocities which followed thereafter.You can read more about his book  here

http://www.mukto-mona.com/Articles/N_Nabi/book_release.htm